When Respect Becomes Indulgence

Dear Janet,

As a developmental psychologist and professor, I love your website and blog. You do a great job explaining an approach to child development that is accepted by many in the academic community (at least in my area of research).

One issue that has been on my mind lately is how to determine what appropriate expectations are for a child of a given age. My son is approaching toddlerhood, and I want to try to prepare myself for what is to come. So how do you decide what is an appropriate expectation for a child of a given age?

For instance, recently we had some friends over with their 3-year-old. On their way out, she decided that she wanted to wear her mom’s shoes to walk out to the car, which meant that it would take a lot longer and she might trip. What would be an appropriate response in that situation?

In another recent outing, a friend’s toddler started banging his head against the floor, throwing a tantrum. What should she have done in response?

Thank you,


Hi Michelle,

Thank you for your note and questions. You definitely got me thinking. At first, the only commonality I could see between the two examples you gave me was the need for a calm parent. “Appropriate expectations” threw me off a bit until I realized you were asking about appropriate behavior, which is a little different.

How do we know what to allow and where to draw the line? What are our children’s true needs? Here are some general guidelines I put together using your examples:

Say YES to:


Always. Children need freedom to express their deepest, darkest, oddest, most outrageous or inappropriate-seeming feelings.

Emotions are deeply connected to “self”, so from infancy onwards our children need to know we will patiently hear and accept all their feelings and try our best to understand them. The challenge is not to squelch the feelings (with distractions, punishments or other invalidating responses), and also not to let the emotional outbursts impact us too much — to hear and support our child without absorbing her moods.

I’ve found it helpful to remind myself that we can’t control another person’s feelings. We can only control the freedom our child feels to express them. Encouraging the expression of feelings and acknowledging them is the key to our child’s emotional health and also to self-worth.

Toddlers have tantrums because they reach a tipping point and need to release intense emotions that are way beyond their control. The child who falls to floor and bangs his head in anger, rage or frustration needs a calm, understanding parent to allow him to express these feelings fully — not punish him or even “comfort” him to make this outburst stop.

The tantrum has to run its course to be an effective release for the child. Then we acknowledge the situation and offer hugs. “Wow, you were so upset that I said you couldn’t have another piece of that yummy cake. You really wanted more.”

If head-banging becomes a frequent habit, definitely consult a professional, but the typical child will not deliberately hurt himself. A calm, accepting attitude, while perhaps slipping a pillow under the child’s head (“I’m putting this here to keep you safe”), is our best response.

If we become frantic, punitive or agitated (in other words, we let the behavior push our buttons), the child might consciously repeat it.

Safe exploration, self-directed play

For young children play, exploration and experimentation should be predominantly self-chosen. Our children’s choices will surprise us and not always look like “play” as we might perceive it. Facilitating and observing self-directed play is one of the biggest joys of caring for babies and toddlers. And for our children this freedom is an essential need (and it helps them accept our boundaries more readily). Ideally, we provide the opportunities and materials and let children take it from there.

I see no problem at all with allowing children to play in mom’s shoes, if mom doesn’t mind. But, as I’ll explain below, our child’s need to explore doesn’t mean she needs to do this anywhere besides the places we deem safe or appropriate.

Give boundaries:

For safety 

This means keeping an eye on the head banging, which is probably an involuntary, temporary phase (and if we can stay calm, will probably stay that way).

Wearing mom’s shoes to the car is a risk that is not necessary for healthy experimentation. The true wish or “need” this child is expressing, in my opinion, is the comfort of a parent’s leadership and limits.

When the child is testing

I see the request to go to the car in mom’s shoes as a test of wills and if she wins, she loses. Secretly, I think she’s hoping mom will care enough to say no. She sounds like a strong, bright girl, probably very capable of making it to the car in high heels if she was allowed to. But then there would probably be another test.

Rather than engage in battles, I advise rising above them by calmly and lovingly setting a limit: “I know you like to walk in my shoes and that’s safe to do in our house, but not now. Would you like to wear your shoes, or go barefoot?” She’ll either accept this gracefully or object and release some of the feelings that have been simmering inside her.

During transitions

Young children tend to have difficulty with transitions, which means they usually need the comfort of more direction and less choice than they do at play time. They still need opportunities for autonomy, like choosing whether or not to wear their shoes to the car (if that’s an option) or the choice, “Would you like to walk or be carried?” But the freedom to make everyone wait while they explore walking “as mommy does” is indulging them with an uncomfortable amount of power.

The Annoyance Factor

Parenting is the development of an extremely vital relationship, the model for every future relationship our child will engage in. Since a relationship takes two, our needs and feelings are just as important as our child’s. Yes, we make many sacrifices as parents, but ultimately, the relationship has to work for both of us.

Since we are the adults in charge, we are the only ones capable of protecting our relationship from being one of resentment, dishonesty, distrust, dislike. This is why I believe in giving boundaries to prevent the “annoyance factor” — meaning whenever possible, we don’t give children the freedom to irritate us through their behavior. (Yes, expressions of emotion can be very annoying, but those don’t count, because we cannot and should not control them.)

If we don’t want our daughter playing with our shoes, I don’t believe we should allow it, and instead of feeling guilty we should feel good about taking care of ourselves and prioritizing our relationship.

We make it even easier for our child not to irritate us by making off-limit items unavailable to her while she plays. This is one of the many reasons safe, enclosed play spaces are invaluable. They give children the freedom to fulfill their healthy, instinctual need to explore without being a nuisance to us, and hearing a no (that they are inclined not to obey) every few minutes. It’s a baby’s job to “get into” everything, and when we constantly have to say “stop that” and “stay out of there”, we start to feel resentful.

Also, when we placate children by allowing them to do what we don’t really want them to do, we end up being the ones who want to explode, and that can be dangerous.

Do we want our children to grow up believing they are annoying, unpleasant people…and very possibly fulfilling that prophecy?

“It helps to be strongly attuned to our own inner-rhythm – to know what your needs are, and to convey this to your family so they learn to respect your needs, too. Ongoingly sacrificing your own needs for the child’s can create inward anger within both of you.” Magda Gerber, Dear Parent: Caring For Infants With Respect

I hope this sheds some light. I’d love to hear your thoughts.




  At last! I’ve created the No Bad Kids Master Course to give you all the tools and perspective you need to not only understand  and respond effectively to your children’s behavior but also build positive, respectful, relationships with them for life! Check out all the details at nobadkidscourse.com. ♥

I also offer a comprehensive guide to respectful boundaries in my book:

NO BAD KIDS: Toddler Discipline Without Shame


(Photo by gilcreque on Flickr)


Please share your comments and questions. I read them all and respond to as many as time will allow.

  1. This was so helpful and insightful. I’m wondering about what you are mentioning about irritation and how it’s not good for the relationship for our kids to see that we are irritated. I confess that my biggest struggle right now as a parent is a deep dislike for pretend play. My kids are 4 and 6 and want me to play with them constantly. I adore them but I fear they can sense my irritation in playing dinosaurs eve when I try hard to hide it. I have always felt like it’s an important sacrifice I need to make but now am questioning. How do I know how much pretend play with them is enough? I love baking with them, being outside, crafts, board games but both of them would choose me playing dinosaurs or pretend games above all else. Any guidance would be so appreciated!

    1. Thanks for your kind words. Your instincts are spot on. It’s not a parent’s role to engage in children’s pretend play and you should absolutely say “no thanks” to that if you don’t enjoy it. If you want to participate, I would do so as an audience member. “You want me to be a dinosaur, but I’m going to be right here watching instead. Hold your ground. It’s not healthy for us or our children to submit to things we don’t really want to do.

  2. Kimberley says:

    Thanks Janet for your revelationary words in this post!!
    This is a timely reminder and almost permission for me! I have 4 children ranging in age between aged 11 – 2yo. I feel really stretched at times with meeting each of their different needs (let alone my own!) and find myself in the habit of letting my boundaries creep to the point where I am feeling that annoyed feeling you describe here. Your article here really gives me the lense I needed right now to reframe this phase for me and take care of me so I can be the kind calm parent I’m striving to be.
    Thank you!

    1. Hi Kimberley! I am thrilled to hear this! Thanks so much for sharing your encouraging words with me.

  3. This is such an important perspective, thank you! I struggle deeply with this and would so appreciate your insight on my situation: my only child, 5, is autistic with ADHD, and he has many rigid needs and behaviors that are absolutely characteristic of the autistic neurotype. There are harmless things that he genuinely needs in order to feel regulated and not have a full-on neurological meltdown that can last for hours, but which I find exhausting and annoying. A few exmples (of many) include being the first to go up a flight of stairs in essentially all situations (even if I’m carrying heavy things and he’s dawdling), communicating in scripted language that requires me to playact and repeat the same script for hours, and stopping to examine items related to his special interest, whether we have time to or not. Denying him these things to prevent my own boredom and resentment ends up taking me MUCH longer and MUCH more pain than just accommodating him, because they trigger meltdowns (not tantrums, an essential distinction). My life feels horrible and bleak so much of the time, but I don’t see a way out, other than when he inevitably grows into a new stage with his stims, communication, and special interests. He has high-quality occupational and speech therapy, which has helped shift some of these issues at school, but the really rigid ones just end up requiring accomodations there, too. I am able to give him boundaries just fine with many other behaviors, so it isn’t a matter of me not setting boundaries or him being spoiled. He just has genuine needs that are wearing me down to nothing.

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